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Comparative assessment of toxic effects of surfactants using biotesting methods

Evsyunina, E. V., Taran, D. O., Stom, D. I., Saksonov, M. N., Balayan, A. E., Kirillova, M. A., Esimbekova, E. N., Kratasyuk, V. A.
Inland water biology 2016 v.9 no.2 pp. 196-199
Daphnia magna, Paramecium, Photobacterium phosphoreum, Protozoa, Scenedesmus quadricauda, algae, bacteria, cleaning agents, gels, luminescence, sodium dodecyl sulfate, surfactants, toxicity, washing
This study assesses the comparative sensitivity and possibility of obtaining fast results of various methods of biotesting for several surfactants: Tween 85, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), Fairy dishwashing gel, and Mif washing powder. The following test organisms are used for the study: luminescent bacteria Photobacterium phosphoreum (Beijerinck), preparation of Ecolum luminescent bacteria, unicellular algae Scenedesmus quadricauda (G.M. Smith), infusorian Paramecium caudatum (Ehrenberg), and crustacean Daphnia magna (Straus). It has been revealed that Fairy dishwashing gel possesses the strongest toxicity against the studied test objects. Daphnia and algae are most sensitive to the effects of Fairy and SDS, protozoan and luminescent bacteria are most sensitive to SDS, and Ecolum is most sensitive to Mif washing powder. The tested aquatic organisms and Ecolum are most tolerant to the effect of Tween 85.