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The role of bithyniid snails (Gastropoda: Bithyniidae) as hosts of trematodes of the family notocotylidae in ecosystems of different climatic zones of the West Siberian Plain

Serbina, E. A.
Inland water biology 2016 v.9 no.2 pp. 182-188
Gastropoda, Notocotylus, basins, cercariae, climatic zones, ecosystems, forests, intermediate hosts, lakes, rivers, snails, steppes, surface water, Siberia
The results of long-term investigations (1994–2012) of an infection rate of trematodes of the family Notocotylidae Lühe, 1909 in the first intermediate hosts (Bithyniidae family) are discussed. The bithyniid snails (11348 Bithynia troscheli (Paasch, 1842) and 4347 Bithynia tentaculata (Linne, 1758) in 1994–2012 from Western Siberia have been studied. Parthenitae and cercariae of the family Notocotylidae belong to three species: Notocotylus imbricatus Looss, 1894, Szidat; N. parviovatus Yamaguti, 1934 [syn.: N. chionis Baylis, 1928] and Catatropis verrucosa (Frohl.) Odhner, 1905. The extensiveness of infection of bithyniid snails by the tre-matodes (parthenitae and cercariae) of the family Notocotylidae in rivers basin Ob, Irtich, Karacyk and Chany Lake is analysed. The level of the infection of bithyniid snails by trematodes (parthenitae and cercariae) does not exceed one percent in different reservoirs. The similar data have been obtained during long-term studies in the estuare of the Kargat river, and in the Ob river (near Novosibirsk). The percentage of infected B. tentaculata was significantly higher than of infected B. troscheli in the total (1.79 and 0.32% accordingly, χ² = 95.1, p < 0.001), and in different reservoirs, too. The infected bithyniid snails are recorded in waterbodies of all four basins only in steppe (0.52 ± 0.37%) and forest-steppe zones (0.76 ± 0.07%). Bithyniid snails from waterbodies of the forest zone of the West Siberian Plain were not infected with parthenitae and cercariae of the family Notocotylidae.