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Administration of Piceatannol Complexed with α-Cyclodextrin Improves Its Absorption in Rats

Inagaki, Hiroyuki, Ito, Ryouichi, Setoguchi, Yuko, Oritani, Yukihiro, Ito, Tatsuhiko
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2016 v.64 no.18 pp. 3557-3563
Passiflora edulis, absorption, alpha-cyclodextrin, antioxidants, ileum, metabolites, passion fruits, rats, seeds, solubility
Piceatannol is polyphenolic antioxidant found in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) seeds. The aim of this study was to improve the absorption of piceatannol using α-cyclodextrin (αCD). The solubility of piceatannol in neutral and acidic solutions increased in an αCD concentration-dependent manner. The maximum plasma concentration of intact piceatannol and the time-to-maximum plasma concentration of O-methylated piceatannol metabolites increased in rats administered αCD–piceatannol inclusion complexes (PICs). Administering the αCD inclusion complexes significantly increased the area under the concentration–time curve of total stilbene derivatives (0–3 h) in terms of the total amount of intact piceatannol, O-methylated piceatannol, conjugated piceatannol, and isorhapontigenin. Gastrointestinal ligation experiments demonstrated that substantially higher levels of piceatannol metabolites were present in the lower intestine (the ileum) at 1 h postintragastric αCD–PICs administration as compared to those observed following piceatannol administration only. These results suggested that αCD enhanced piceatannol movement and absorption in the small intestine.