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Potential of Excipient Emulsions for Improving Quercetin Bioaccessibility and Antioxidant Activity: An in Vitro Study
- Chen, Xing, Zou, Liqiang, Liu, Wei, McClements, David Julian
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2016 v.64 no.18 pp. 3653-3660
- antioxidant activity, bioavailability, corn oil, digestion, droplets, emulsions, gastrointestinal system, long chain triacylglycerols, micelles, models, quercetin, rats, solubilization
- The potential for excipient emulsions to enhance the bioaccessibility and antioxidant activity of quercetin was determined in this study. Oil-in-water excipient emulsions containing two levels (4 or 10%) of small lipid droplets (d < 250 nm) were prepared from a long-chain triglyceride (corn oil). The solubilization of quercetin by the excipient emulsions was faster than by bulk corn oil or bulk water, and the solubilization rate was higher at 100 °C than at 30 °C. The bioaccessibility of quercetin samples was determined using an in vitro gastrointestinal model, and the bioactivity of quercetin was determined using a rat feeding study. The excipient emulsions were more effective at enhancing quercetin bioaccessibility and rat plasma antioxidant activity than either bulk oil or bulk water. This effect was attributed to the rapid digestion of the long chain triglycerides when they were in an emulsified form, which led to the rapid production of mixed micelles capable of solubilizing, protecting, and transporting quercetin.