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Evapotranspiration of a Populus euphratica forest during the growing season in an extremely arid region of northwest China using the Shuttleworth–Wallace model
- Gao, Guanlong, Zhang, Xiaoyou, Yu, Tengfei
- Journal of forestry research 2016 v.27 no.4 pp. 879-887
- Populus euphratica, arid zones, eddy covariance, evapotranspiration, forests, growing season, model validation, models, wind speed, China
- Thus far, measurements and estimations of actual evapotranspiration (ET) in extremely arid areas are still insufficient. Based on successive observations from June–September 2014, we simulated ET of a Populus euphratica Oliv. forest during the growing season in an extremely arid region of northwest China using the Shuttleworth–Wallace (S–W) model. Simulated ET values were compared to those of the eddy-covariance (EC) method on a 1 h interval. With a root mean square error (RMSE), relative error (RE) and mean absolute error (MAE) of 0.192, 3.100 and 0.165 mm h⁻¹, respectively, model performance was not satisfactory. In particular, on days with strong winds (Sep. 11–13), deviations between simulated and observed ET values increased to 0.275, 0.878 and 0.251 mm h⁻¹, RMSE, RE and MAE respectively. These values were significantly greater than those in other study periods and were most likely owing to sharp increases in wind speed. As a result, there were substantial advective effects, which is not consistent with the assumption of the S–W model that there are no advective effects or mesoscale circulation patterns induced by surface discontinuities.