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Influence of Grape Maturity on Complex Carbohydrate Composition of Red Sparkling Wines

Martinez-Lapuente, Leticia, Apolinar-Valiente, Rafael, Guadalupe, Zenaida, Ayestaran, Belen, Perez-Margarino, Silvia, Williams, Pascale, Doco, Thierry
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2016 v.64 no.24 pp. 5020-5030
arabinose, carbohydrate composition, galactose, glucuronic acid, grapes, lees, maturity stage, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, ripening, sparkling wines, wine aging, yeasts
This paper studied how grape maturity affected complex carbohydrate composition during red sparkling wine making and wine aging. Grape ripening stage (premature and mature grapes) showed a significant impact on the content, composition, and evolution of polysaccharides and oligosaccharides of sparkling wines. Polysaccharides rich in arabinose and galactose, mannoproteins, rhamnogalacturonans II, and oligosaccharides in base wines increased with maturity. For both maturity stages, polysaccharides rich in arabinose and galactose, and the glucuronic acid glycosyl residue of the oligosaccharides were the major carbohydrates detected in all vinification stages. The total glycosyl content of oligosaccharides decreased during the whole period of aging on yeast lees. The reduction of polysaccharides rich in arabinose and galactose and rhamnogalacturonans type II during the aging was more pronounced in mature samples. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the polysaccharide and oligosaccharide composition of red sparkling wines.