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The effect of flow rate at different pressures and temperatures on cocoa butter extracted from cocoa nib using supercritical carbon dioxide
- Asep, E. K., Jinap, S., Russly, A. R., Jahurul, M. H. A., Ghafoor, Kashif, Zaidul, I. S. M.
- Journal of food science and technology 2016 v.53 no.5 pp. 2287-2297
- carbon dioxide, cocoa butter, cocoa nibs, fatty acid composition, fatty acids, lipid content, molecular weight, temperature, triacylglycerols
- The effects of flow rate, different pressures and temperatures on cocoa butter extracted from cocoa nib using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO₂) were investigated. The yield was analyzed for total fat content, triacylglycerol (TG) profile, and fatty acid (FA) profile. Extractions were carried out at pressures of 20 and 35 MPa, temperatures of 50 and 60 °C, and CO₂ flow rates of 0.5, 1, 2, 4 mL min⁻¹. The result shows that the yield of cocoa butter extract increased with increasing pressure, temperature, and flow rate and the optimum conditions for the maximum cocoa butter extraction were 35 MPa, 60 °C and 2 mL min⁻¹, repectively. TGs and FAs were found to be similar in composition to those of cocoa butter obtained by conventional methods. The lower molecular weight TGs and FAs showed higher selectivity compared to higher molecular weight TGs and FAs.