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A review on numerous modeling approaches for effective, economical and ecological treatment wetlands

Kumar, J.L.G., Zhao, Y.Q.
Journal of environmental management 2011 v.92 no.3 pp. 400-406
biochemical pathways, constructed wetlands, dynamic models, sustainable technology, wastewater treatment
Constructed wetlands (CWs) for wastewater treatment have evolved substantially over the last decades and have been recognized as an effective means of “green technology” for wastewater treatment. This paper reviews the numerous modeling approaches ranging from simple first-order models to more complex dynamic models of treatment behaviour in CWs. The main objective of the modeling work is to better understand the process in CWs and optimize design criteria. A brief study in this review discusses the efforts taken to describe the process-based model for the efficient removal of pollutants in CWs. Obtaining better insights is essential to understand the hydraulic and biochemical processes in CWs. Currently, employed modeling approaches can be seen in two categories, i.e. “black-box models” and “process-based models”. It is evident that future development in wetland technology will depend on improved scientific knowledge of internal treatment mechanisms.