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Effects of different silvicultural systems on the genetic diversity of Shorea parvifolia populations in the tropical rainforest of Southeast Asia

Widiyatno,, Indrioko, S., Na’iem, M., Uchiyama, K., Numata, S., Ohtani, M., Matsumoto, A., Tsumura, Y.
Tree genetics & genomes 2016 v.12 no.4 pp. 73
Shorea, alleles, cutting, forest decline, forest resources, genetic variation, harvesting, logging, planting, silvicultural systems, tree and stand measurements, trees, tropical rain forests, South East Asia
Selective logging systems have been used to prevent the rapid decline of forest resources in Southeast Asia, but little is known about the impacts of selective logging on the genetic diversity of Southeast Asian rainforests. We evaluated the effects of silvicultural systems with differing cutting rotations and enrichment planting regimes on the genetic diversity of Shorea parvifolia, an abundant and ecologically important tree in Southeast Asian rainforests. Our result showed that in most respects the genetic diversity is not significantly different between primary forest and the other silvicultural systems; however, the proportion of private alleles is significantly different between them. Intensive second-rotation (L3) harvesting of individuals >40 cm in diameter at breast height (dbh) resulted in a sizable reduction in the number of reproductive trees and a dramatic decrease in the numbers of rare and private alleles, suggesting a negative impact on the genetic diversity of the remaining tree population. Enrichment planting with S. parvifolia in the logged forest improved some genetic parameters, significantly increasing the number of rare alleles in L3 in particular. We conclude that the genetic diversity of logged tropical forests gradually decreases depending on logging rotation times, especially with respect to sensitive genetic parameters such as the numbers of rare and private alleles, and that enrichment planting with native dipterocarps can maintain or even increase the genetic diversity of logged tropical forests in Southeast Asia.