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Clinical and laboratory findings of Babesia infection in dogs

Sudhakara Reddy, B., Sivajothi, S., Varaprasad Reddy, L. S. S., Solmon Raju, K. G.
Journal of parasitic diseases 2016 v.40 no.2 pp. 268-272
Babesia, babesiosis, blood platelet count, blood serum, body weight, clinical examination, creatinine, diminazene, dog diseases, dogs, erythrocyte count, fever, glucose, hemoglobin, lymph nodes, lymphatic diseases, mucus, serum albumin, tachycardia, therapeutics, ticks
Canine babesiosis is a worldwide tick borne disease. Dogs with fever, in appetence and enlarged lymph nodes were screened for the presence of haemoprotozoan parasites during the one year period of study at T.V.C.C., C.V.Sc., Proddatur. Based on the stained peripheral blood smears examination, six dogs were found to be affected with babesiosis. Clinical examination of the dogs revealed ticks over the body, congested conjunctival mucus membranes, dullness, fever, tachycardia, tachypnoea in all the dogs. Some of the dogs had icterus, lymphadenopathy, haemoglobinuria. Laboratory examination of the clinical samples revealed reduction in haemoglobin concentration, erythrocyte count, platelet count, serum total protein, serum albumin and glucose levels. Increased serum SGPT, creatinine, BUN levels were recorded. Dogs were treated with inj. Diminazene aceturate (Berenil RTU) @ 5 mg/kg body weight, single dose along with supportive and symptomatic therapy in individual cases.