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Airborne pollen spectrum and hay fever type prevalence in Vinnitsa, central Ukraine

Rodinkova, Victoria Valeriivna
Acta agrobotanica 2015 v.68 no.4 pp. 383-389
Acer, Alnus, Amaranthaceae, Ambrosia, Artemisia vulgaris, Betula, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Juglans, Pinus, Poaceae, Polygonaceae, Populus, Quercus, Salix, Urtica, adults, air, allergens, children, grasses, hay fever, herbaceous plants, patients, pollen, woody plants, Ukraine
The article deals with the main pollen spectrum in relation to patients’ sensitivity determined in the ambient air of Vinnitsa city located in central Ukraine. The study performed by gravimetric sampling in the years 1999–2000 and by volumetric sampling in the years 2009–2014 showed that Urtica, Betula, Pinus, Alnus, Fraxinus, Ambrosia, Artemisia, Juglans, Carpinus, Populus, Quercus, Acer, Salix, Poaceae, Amarathaceae, and Polygonaceae pollen grains are prevalent among the airborne allergen types in the urban atmosphere. The principal pollen types remain the same but over time their quantities have changed. The relative abundance of Carpinus and Amaranthaceae airborne pollen decreased while the fraction of Urtica pollen increased in the last decade. From 50 to 69 pollen types were determined in the ambient air depending on the season. From 24 to 27 pollen types represented woody plants and from 22 to 46 pollen types belonged to the herbaceous plants. A considerable decrease in herbal pollen types is noted in the Vinnitsa air at present.It was shown that children were sensitive to weed pollen grains, including ragweed, mugwort, and grass, while adults were more sensitive to tree and grass pollen grains. Further studies of the pollen spectrum in the ambient air of this city are required in order to control the hay fever symptoms.