Main content area

Efficiency of Potassium Fertilization and Salicylic Acid on Yield and Nutrient Accumulation of Sugar Beet Grown on Saline Soil

Merwad, Abdel-Rahman M. A.
Communications in soil science and plant analysis 2016 v.47 no.9 pp. 1184-1192
Beta vulgaris, crop yield, fertilizer analysis, fertilizer application, field experimentation, foliar spraying, growing season, juices, nitrogen, nutrient uptake, phosphorus, potassium, potassium fertilizers, roots, salicylic acid, saline soils, salt stress, shoots, soil salinity, sucrose, sugar beet, Egypt
Rising soil salinity has been a major problem in the soils of Egypt in recent decades. Potassium fertilization and salicylic acid (SA) play an important role in promoting plants to tolerate salt stress and increased the yield of sugar beet crop. A field experiment on sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) grown on saline soil was carried out during 2014 growing season in Port Said Governorate, Egypt, to study the effect of potassium fertilization of the soil at applications of 0, 100, 150, and 200 kg potassium (K) ha ⁻¹ and foliar spray of SA by solution of 1000 mg L ⁻¹, twice (1200 L ha ⁻¹ each time) on yield and nutrient uptake. Application of 200 kg K ha ⁻¹ in combination with salicylic foliar spray gave the highest root length, root diameter, shoot and root yield, sucrose, juice purity percentage, gross sugar yield, and white possible extractable sugar, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) content, and uptake of sugar beet. The highest increase in sucrose (20%) as well as white possible extractable sugar (184%) was obtained by 200 kg K ha ⁻¹ in combination with salicylic foliar spray compared with untreated soil with potassium fertilization and without salicylic foliar spray.