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Glue barriers reduce earwig damage on apricots in north-western Italy

Matteo Alessandro Saladini, Laura Asteggiano, Marco Giuseppe Pansa, Luca Giordani, Luca Serre, Graziano Vittone, Luciana Tavella, Rosemarie Tedeschi
International journal of pest management 2016 v.62 no.3 pp. 214-221
Forficula auricularia, adhesives, apricots, bark, blackberries, canopy, control methods, feeding behavior, fruits, omnivores, orchards, pest management, pests, piedmont, plant damage, raspberries, ripening, strawberries, tree trunk, trees, Italy
The European earwig, Forficula auricularia L. (Dermaptera: Forficulidae), is a well-known species that is cosmopolitan and present throughout Europe. Due to its omnivorous feeding behaviour, this species can act as a generalist predator, preying on several top fruit pests, but also as a pest causing shallow gouges or holes in stone and soft fruits such as apricots, strawberries, raspberries or blackberries. In Piedmont (NW Italy), significant fruit damage has been observed lately in apricot orchards where earwigs fed on ripening fruits and made a considerable part of the produce unmarketable. In this study, we sampled earwig populations in three apricot orchards in Piedmont and tested the effectiveness of glue barriers applied to the tree trunks in reducing both earwig density in the canopy and fruit damage. The arboreal glues Rampastop® and Vebicolla® were tested both in the field and laboratory trials. Glue barriers demonstrated to be effective control measures, significantly reducing earwig abundance in the canopy and fruit damage. Rampastop® gave better results on old trees with a very rough and cracked bark, since in that case Vebicolla® could not perfectly bond with the trunk.