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A 31-kDa seminal plasma heparin–binding protein reduces cold shock stress during cryopreservation of cross-bred cattle bull semen

Patel, M.K., Cheema, R.S., Bansal, A.K., Gandotra, V.K.
Theriogenology 2016 v.86 no.6 pp. 1599-1606
acrosome, acrosome reaction, acrylamides, bulls, cold stress, cryopreservation, fluorescein, gels, mass spectrometry, oxidative stress, peptides, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, proteins, seminal plasma, viability
In the present study, a 31-kDa protein, purified from cattle bull seminal plasma heparin–binding proteins (SP-HBP), was characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. Raw semen of six cross-bred bulls was treated with 31-kDa HBP before cryopreservation to observe its effect on motility, viability, hypo-osmotic swelling test, acrosome integrity, in vitro capacitation/acrosome reaction, and oxidative stress at pre-freeze and frozen–thawed phases of cryopreservation. Sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of 31-kDa protein eluted and purified from SP-HBP (separated on acrylamide gels) resulted in a single band of 40 kDa. In matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization–time of flight analysis, 12 peptides were identified with matching significantly (P < 0.05) to interlukin-6 of bovine with a top score of 55. Addition of 25 μg/mL of fluorescein isothiocyanate–conjugated 31-kDa protein to raw semen and incubation at 37 °C for 20 minutes before cryopreservation resulted in its binding mainly to head region. Treatment of semen with 31-kDa HBP resulted in a significant (P < 0.05) average increase of 9.2%, 6.8%, and 11.7% and 5.5%, 6.5%, and 11.0% in motile, viable, hypo-osmotic swelling–responsive spermatozoa in six bulls at pre-freeze and frozen–thawed phases of cryopreservation, respectively. Percentage of spermatozoa with intact acrosomes nonsignificantly enhanced in the semen treated with 31-kDa HBP at both phases of cryopreservation. An average nonsignificant increase of 3.1% in in vitro capacitated and acrosome-reacted spermatozoa was obtained in semen supplemented with 31-kDa HBP. Addition of 31-kDa HBP also nonsignificantly reduced Malonadialdehyde (MDA) level by 10.7 and 19.3 μM/109 spermatozoa in prefrozen and frozen–thawed semen, respectively. The results obtained here indicate to conclude that treatment of cross-bred cattle bull semen with 31-kDa HBP protects the spermatozoa from cold shock effect by coating the sperm surface.