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Transfer of radiocesium from rhizosphere soil to four cruciferous vegetables in association with a Bacillus pumilus strain and root exudation

Aung, Han Phyo, Mensah, Akwasi Dwira, Aye, Yi Swe, Djedidi, Salem, Oikawa, Yosei, Yokoyama, Tadashi, Suzuki, Sohzoh, Dorothea Bellingrath-Kimura, Sonoko
Journal of environmental radioactivity 2016
Bacillus pumilus, acidification, bioavailability, biomass, cesium, exudation, green leafy vegetables, pH, plant tissues, radionuclides, rhizosphere, roots, soil, surface area, turnips
This study was carried out to assess the effect of Bacillus pumilus on the roots of four cruciferous vegetables with different root structures in regard to enhancement of 137Cs bioavailability in contaminated rhizosphere soil. Results revealed that B. pumilus inoculation did not enhance the plant biomass of vegetables, although it increased root volume and root surface areas of all vegetables except turnip. The pH changes due to rhizosphere acidification by B. pumilus inoculation and root exudation did not affect the bioavailability of 137Cs. However, concentrations of 137Cs in plant tissues and soil-to-plant transfer values increased as a result of the larger root volume and root surface area of vegetables due to inoculation. Moreover, leafy vegetables, which possessed larger root volume and root surface areas, had a higher 137Cs transfer value than root vegetables.