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Improving enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic substrates with pre-hydrolysates by adding cetyltrimethylammonium bromide to neutralize lignosulfonate

Cai, Cheng, Qiu, Xueqing, Lin, Xuliang, Lou, Hongming, Pang, Yuxia, Yang, Dongjie, Chen, Siwei, Cai, Kaifan
Bioresource technology 2016 v.216 pp. 968-975
Eucalyptus, adsorption, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, enzymatic hydrolysis, hardwood, lignin, lignocellulose, lignosulfonates, neutralization, sodium, softwood
Two pretreatment methods to overcome recalcitrance of lignocelluloses, sulfite pretreatment (SPORL) and dilute acid (DA), were conducted to pretreat softwood masson pine and hardwood eucalyptus for enzymatic hydrolysis. In the presence of corresponding pre-hydrolysates, adding moderate cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) could enhance the enzymatic hydrolysis of the SPORL-pretreated substrates, but had no enhancement for the DA-pretreated substrates. The results showed that sodium lignosulfonate (SL) in pre-hydrolysates and CTAB together had a strong enhancement on the enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocelluloses. The compound of commercial lignosulfonate SXSL and CTAB (SXSL-CTAB) could enhance the substrate enzymatic digestibility (SED) of SPORL-pretreated masson pine from 27.1% to 71.0%, and that of DA-pretreated eucalyptus from 37.6% to 67.9%. The mechanism that CTAB increased the adsorption of SL on lignin to form more effective steric hindrance and reduced the non-productive adsorption of cellulase on lignin by neutralizing the negative charge of SL was proposed.