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Advanced nitrogen removal from landfill leachate via Anammox system based on Sequencing Biofilm Batch Reactor (SBBR): Effective protection of biofilm

Author:
Miao, Lei, Wang, Shuying, Cao, Tianhao, Peng, Yongzhen, Zhang, Man, Liu, Zhaoyuan
Source:
Bioresource technology 2016 v.220 pp. 8-16
ISSN:
0960-8524
Subject:
anaerobic ammonium oxidation, bacteria, biofilm, chemical oxygen demand, genes, landfill leachates, nitrogen, nitrogen content
Abstract:
High levels of organics negatively affect Anammox for treating landfill leachate. To enhance the ability of Anammox to survive against adverse environments, a lab-scale two-stage Anammox system using a Sequencing Biofilm Batch Reactor was applied to treat mature landfill leachate under 35°C. Over 107days, with influent total nitrogen (TN) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentrations of 3000±100 and 3000±100mg/L, effluent TN was below 20mg/L. For extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) of Anammox, slime-EPS and loosely-bound-EPS of floccules were both higher than biofilm, while tight-bound-EPS of biofilm was significantly higher, contributing to biofilm formation. Quantitative microbial analysis showed that as influent COD increased, Anammox gene ratios of biofilm increased from 1.34% to 13.28%; the gene ratios of floccule first increased, then decreased to 3.88%. This indicated that Anammox and heterotrophic bacteria could coexist because of the biofilm, leading to stable nitrogen removal performance, even when organics were present.
Agid:
5247064