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Application of microwave irradiation for the removal of polychlorinated biphenyls from siloxane transformer and hydrocarbon engine oils
- Antonetti, Claudia, Licursi, Domenico, Raspolli Galletti, Anna Maria, Martinelli, Marco, Tellini, Filippo, Valentini, Giorgio, Gambineri, Francesca
- Chemosphere 2016 v.159 pp. 72-79
- dechlorination, energy conservation, heating systems, irradiation, microwave radiation, molecular weight, oils, polychlorinated biphenyls, polyethylene glycol, potassium hydroxide, temperature
- The removal of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) both from siloxane transformer oil and hydrocarbon engine oil was investigated through the application of microwave (MW) irradiation and a reaction system based on polyethyleneglycol (PEG) and potassium hydroxide. The influence of the main reaction parameters (MW irradiation time, molecular weight of PEG, amount of added reactants and temperature) on the dechlorination behavior was studied. Promising performances were reached, allowing about 50% of dechlorination under the best experimental conditions, together time and energy saving compared to conventional heating systems. Moreover, an interesting dechlorination degree (up to 32%) was achieved for siloxane transformer oil when MW irradiation was employed as the unique driving force. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time in which MW irradiation is tested as the single driving force for the dechlorination of these two types of PCB-contaminated oils.