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Biocontrol of Listeria monocytogenes in fish by enterocin AS-48 and Listeria lytic bacteriophage P100

Baños, Alberto, García-López, José David, Núñez, Cristina, Martínez-Bueno, Manuel, Maqueda, Mercedes, Valdivia, Eva
Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2016 v.66 pp. 672-677
Listeria monocytogenes, bacteriophages, biological control, fillets, hake, raw fish, salmon, smoked salmon, tissues
The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of enterocin AS-48 to control Listeria monocytogenes in fish during storage at 4 °C. AS-48 (0.37 μg/cm2) was tested singly and in combination with phage P100 (2.3 × 107 PFU/cm2) on a cocktail of 103 CFU/cm2 L. monocytogenes strains inoculated in fillet tissues of raw hake and salmon and in smoked salmon. In raw fish, AS-48 alone reduced listeria with respect to the untreated control by 1.68, 2.79, 2.9, and 3.13 log CFU/cm2 (in hake) and by 1.9, 2.55, 2.8, and 2.8 (in salmon) at 1, 2, 3, and 7 d, respectively. Phage P100 treatment also yields significant reductions (but lower than AS-48) in listeria counts in both raw fishes. A combined treatment of AS-48/P100 eliminated listeria from hake and salmon fillets from 2 and 1 days respectively. In smoked salmon, AS-48 reduced listeria by 2, 3.4, 4.5, 4.25, and 4.25 log CFU/cm2 with respect to the control at 1, 5, 10, 15, and 30 d, respectively. P100 treatment also reduced listeria counts but in lesser quantities than AS-48. A combined treatment of AS-48/P100 reduced listeria below detection levels from 1 to 15 d; afterwards, a slight listeria reactivation was detected.