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The activity of three glycosidases (β-Ν-acetyloglucosaminidase, α-mannosidase, and β-galactosidase) in the follicular fluid and in the maturation medium affects bovine oocyte maturation
- Dovolou, E., Samartzi, F., Perreau, C., Krania, F., Cordova, A., Vainas, E., Amiridis, G.S., Mermillod, P., Tsiligianni, Th.
- Theriogenology 2016 v.85 no.8 pp. 1468-1475
- alpha-mannosidase, beta-galactosidase, cattle, follicular fluid, oocytes
- We studied the role of follicular fluid's (FF) glycosidase (α-mannosidase [α-ΜΑΝ], β-Ν-acetyloglucosaminidase [NAGASE], β-galactosidase [β-GAL]) activity during IVM of bovine oocytes. Oocytes were allocated into two groups according to the follicular size (small follicle [SF]: 2–5 mm, large follicle [LF]: >5–8 mm). In experiment 1, cumulus–oocyte complexes (COCs) quality was evaluated according to morphologic criteria (grades A, B–C, D); oocyte (n = 801) nuclear maturation was assessed after 24 hours of incubation. Bovine embryos were produced in vitro in groups (experiment 2, n = 1503 oocytes) or individually (experiment 3, n = 50 oocytes). More grade-A and -BC COCs were collected from SF and LF groups, respectively (P < 0.05). Maturation rate (experiment 1) and cleavage rate (experiments 2 and 3) were similar in SF and LF groups. Activity of all glycosidases in FF was higher (P < 0.05) in SF group than in LF group, whereas in maturation medium of SF group it was, overall, significantly lower than in that of LF (experiments 2 and 3). In FF of SF group, NAGASE positively associated with grade-A oocytes and negatively with BC oocytes; increased β-GAL was associated with degenerated oocytes. Cleavage rate in LF group, related negatively to NAGASE and positively to α-MAN in maturation medium. These results indicate that during maturation, COCs release NAGASE and consume β-GAL, but differences probably exist between individual and group maturation.