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Impact of insulin concentration and mode of FSH addition on the in vitro survival and development of isolated bovine preantral follicles

Rossetto, R., Saraiva, M.V.A., Bernuci, M.P., Silva, G.M., Brito, I.R., Alves, A.M.C.V., Magalhães-Padilha, D.M., Báo, S.N., Campello, C.C., Rodrigues, A.P.R., Figueiredo, J.R.
Theriogenology 2016 v.86 no.4 pp. 1137-1145
cattle, estradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone, follicular development, insulin, survival rate, viability
The insulin and FSH are two important substances in the folliculogenesis process. Thus, the hypothesis of this experiment is that insulin concentration and the form of FSH addition affect the in vitro survival, growth, and estradiol production after culture of isolated bovine preantral follicles. The effects of insulin concentration (experiment 1) and the influence of both fixed and sequential concentrations of FSH (experiment 2) on the in vitro survival and development of bovine preantral follicles were investigated in this study by IVC for 18 days. In experiment 1, on Day 18 of culture, the addition of insulin at all concentrations promoted follicular survival rates significantly higher than that of the control, with the 10-ng/mL insulin treatment showing values significantly higher than the other treatments. The addition of 5- and 10-ng/mL insulin promoted higher follicular growth than the control and other treatments. In experiment 2, FSH 100 had a higher percentage of follicular viability compared with the control. FSH 100 produced follicle diameters significantly higher than those of the control and FSH seq. treatment. Estradiol levels in the presence of FSH (fixed concentration) were significantly higher than the other treatments. In conclusion, the association of insulin (10 ng/mL) and fixed concentration FSH (100 ng/mL) provides high rates of survival, growth, and estradiol production in bovine preantral follicles.