Main content area

Zinc chloride aqueous solution as a solvent for starch

Lin, Meiying, Shang, Xiaoqin, Liu, Peng, Xie, Fengwei, Chen, Xiaodong, Sun, Yongyi, Wan, Junyan
Carbohydrate polymers 2016 v.136 pp. 266-273
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, aqueous solutions, chemical reactions, glucosides, hydrogen bonding, microscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, polarized light, protons, solvents, starch granules, thermogravimetry, turbidity, viscosity
It is important to obtain starch-based homogeneous systems for starch modification. Regarding this, an important key point is to find cheap, low-cost and low-toxicity solvents to allow complete dissolution of starch and its easy regeneration. This study reveals that a ZnCl2 aqueous solution is a good non-derivatizing solvent for starch at 50°C, and can completely dissolve starch granules. The possible formation of a “zinc–starch complex” might account for the dissolution; and the degradation of starch, which was caused by the H+ inZnCl2 aqueous solution, could not contribute to full dissolution. From polarized light microscopic observation combined with the solution turbidity results, it was found that the lowest ZnCl2 concentration for full dissolution was 29.6wt.% at 50°C, with the dissolving time being 4h. Using Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), solid state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD), it was revealed that ZnCl2 solution had no chemical reaction with starch glucosides, but only weakened starch hydrogen bonding and converted the crystalline regions to amorphous regions. In addition, as shown by intrinsic viscosity and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), ZnCl2 solution caused degradation of starch macromolecules, which was more serious with a higher concentration of ZnCl2 solution.