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Changes in growth, physiological parameters and the hormonal status of Myrtus communis L. plants irrigated with water with different chemical compositions

Acosta-Motos, José Ramón, Ortuño, María Fernanda, Álvarez, Sara, López-Climent, María Fernanda, Gómez-Cadenas, Aurelio, Sánchez-Blanco, María Jesús
Journal of plant physiology 2016 v.191 pp. 12-21
Myrtus communis, abscisic acid, adverse effects, cell walls, chemical composition, drainage, electrical conductivity, ions, irrigation, irrigation water, jasmonic acid, leaf water potential, leaves, lipid peroxidation, plant growth, plant response, potassium, proline, roots, salicylic acid, salinity, shrubs, sodium, sodium chloride, soil water, soil water potential, solutes, stomatal conductance, stomatal movement, turgor, water balance
Myrtus communis, an important Mediterranean ornamental shrub, was used to study the effect of irrigation water with different chemical compositions in the plant response. A treatment with NaCl was used to establish the plant resistance to high salinity at long term. Plants were subjected to four irrigation treatments with drainage for three months: Control (0.8dSm−1); two treatments using reclaimed water (RWs): RW1 (2.0dSm−1) and RW2 (5.0dSm−1); and NaCl (10.0dSm−1). High levels of electric conductivity of RWs not affected plant growth, while NaCl decreased leaf dry weight. Coinciding with the accumulation of Na+ and Cl− in the roots, soil water potential decreased, which hinders the mobilization of water to the leaves, decreasing leaf water potential. The osmotic adjustment in the NaCl treatment was due to Na+ and Cl− ions, although the proline could contribute as an Osmo compatible solute, increasing the turgor plants. Also changes in cell walls rigidity minimize the negative effects on the water balance; however, a higher lipid peroxidation was observed in these plants. Stomatal closure was associated with a decrease in K+ and an increase in abscisic acid. NaCl produced an increase in salicylic acid and did not affect jasmonic acid contents at the end of the experiment. Similar behavior in soil and leaf water potentials, although less pronounced than in NaCl, was shown in RW2 plants. The abscisic acid increased in the RW2 with respect to the control and a decrease in stomatal conductance was observed at the end of the experiment. Plants irrigated with RW1 behaved similarly to the control.