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Sequential sampling plan for assessing corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) larval injury to Bt maize

Hong, Bonnie, Nowatzki, Timothy M., Sult, Theresa S., Owens, Elizabeth D., Pilcher, Clinton D.
Crop protection 2016 v.82 pp. 36-44
Bacillus thuringiensis, Diabrotica, Zea mays, bacteria, corn, labor, larvae, proteins, resistance management, transgenic plants
In-field product performance assessments are an essential component of corn rootworm (Diabrotica spp.; CRW) resistance management plans for transgenic maize (Zea mays L.) products expressing proteins derived from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). The goal of a successful field sampling program is to accurately characterize in-field product performance while also minimizing resource demand, as collection of maize root samples to evaluate CRW injury can present resource challenges such as labor intensiveness, potential safety issues, and a limited time window available for sampling. A resource-efficient sequential sampling plan was developed that utilizes data-driven root injury threshold values derived from benchmark product performance data for both single and pyramided Bt maize traits for CRW control. This sequential sampling methodology incorporates unbiased sampling and controlled false positive and false negative error rates, enabling accurate assessment decisions to be made with efficient resource use. Our proposed approach enables systematic and effective classification of in-field Bt maize product performance, with applications to other CRW control technologies besides Bt maize products.