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Spirulina as a natural carotenoid source on growth, pigmentation and reproductive performance of yellow tail cichlid Pseudotropheus acei

Güroy, Betül, Şahin, İzzet, Mantoğlu, Serhan, Kayalı, Selin
Aquaculture international 2012 v.20 no.5 pp. 869-878
Cichlidae, Spirulina, animal growth, aquaculture tanks, color, egg production, eggs, experimental diets, feed conversion, feed intake, fiberglass, fish feeding, fish meal, pigmentation, proteins, tail, temperature
A feeding trial on yellow tail cichlid Pseudotropheus acei (Regan 1922) was undertaken to asses the effect of dietary Spirulina meal as a natural carotenoid source. Four experimental diets were formulated to progressively replace 0% (C), 2.5% (SP2.5), 5% (SP5) and 10% (SP10) of fish meal weight. Ten fish per tank (initial weight 3.75 ± 0.02 g) were randomly distributed into twelve 80 l fiberglass tanks connected to a closed recirculation system (temperature 26.7 ± 0.06°C). The diets were tested in triplicate for 12 weeks. The specific growth rate of fish fed all Spirulina diets were significantly higher compared to diet C. Feed intake (FI) tended to increase with dietary Spirulina level, and fish fed diet SP10 had significantly higher FI values compared to diet C. No significant differences in feed conversion ratio were observed among these groups. Although the protein efficiency ratio of fish fed diet C was lower than that of all Spirulina diets, no significant differences were observed among these groups (P > 0.05). The total egg production and hatching rate (%) of eggs derived from all fish fed with Spirulina diets was significantly higher compared those from fish fed diet C. The yellow and blue coloration of yellow tail cichlid fed the diet containing Spirulina meal was enhanced and inclusion of dietary Spirulina meal was elevated carotenoids in skin. Results of the present study indicated that Spirulina meal has the potential to enhance the growth, reproductive performance and coloration on yellow tail cichlid.