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An inclusion complex of eugenol into β-cyclodextrin: Preparation, and physicochemical and antifungal characterization

Gong, Liang, Li, Taotao, Chen, Feng, Duan, Xuewu, Yuan, Yunfei, Zhang, Dandan, Jiang, Yueming
Food chemistry 2016 v.196 pp. 324-330
Peronophythora litchii, antifungal properties, beta-cyclodextrin, cell walls, eugenol, fruits, hyphae, in vitro studies, mechanism of action, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, protons, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy
The inclusion of eugenol (EG) into β-cyclodextrin (βCD), its structural characterization and antifungal activity, and mode of action for control of Peronophythora litchii in postharvest fresh litchi fruits is described. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectra revealed chemical shifts in H-3 and H-5 protons of βCD, indicating EG inclusion into the lipophilic cavity of βCD. In vitro assays showed βCD–EG significantly inhibited P. litchii colony growth in a concentration- and time-dependent manner (MIC100=0.2g). In vivo assays showed βCD–EG significantly (p<0.05) reduced the decay index of treated fresh litchi fruits. After exposure to βCD–EG, the surface of P. litchii hyphae and/or sporangiophores became wrinkled, with folds and breakage observed by scanning electron microscopy. Damage to hyphal and/or sporangiophore cell walls and membrane structures post-treatment with βCD–EG was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Therefore, βCD–EG shows great potential as a controlled-release agent against P. litchii.