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A novel thyroglobulin-binding lectin from the brown alga Hizikia fusiformis and its antioxidant activities

Wu, Mingjiang, Tong, Changqing, Wu, Yue, Liu, Shuai, Li, Wei
Food chemistry 2016 v.201 pp. 7-13
Phaeophyceae, amino acid sequences, amino acids, antioxidant activity, calcium, carbohydrate content, cations, cattle, cellulose, erythrocytes, free radical scavengers, free radicals, fucose, galactose, glucose, hemagglutination, high performance liquid chromatography, ion exchange, lectins, molecular weight, oligosaccharides, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, sheep, thyroglobulin
A lectin (HFL) was isolated from the brown alga, Hizikia fusiformis, through ion exchange on cellulose DE52 and HPLC with a TSK-gel G4000PWXL column. SDS–PAGE showed that HFL had a molecular mass of 16.1kDa. The HPLC (with a TSK-gel G4000PWXL column) indicated that HFL is a tetramer in its native state. The total carbohydrate content was 41%. Glucose, galactose and fucose were the monosaccharide units of HFL, and the normalized mol% values were 6, 14 and 80, respectively. HFL contains a large amount of the acidic amino acid, Asx. The β-elimination reaction suggested that the oligosaccharide and peptide moieties of HFL may belong to the N-glucosidic linkage. The amino acid sequences, of about five segments of HFL, were acquired by MALDI-TOF/TOF, and the sequences have no homology with other lectins. HFL was found to agglutinate sheep erythrocytes. The hemagglutination activity was inhibited by thyroglobulin, from bovine thyroid, but not by any of the monosaccharides tested. The lectin reaction was independent of the presence of the divalent cation Ca2+. HFL showed free radical scavenging activity against hydroxyl, DPPH and ABTS+ radicals.