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Effects of grape pomace in growing lamb diets compared with vitamin E and grape seed extract on meat shelf life

Guerra-Rivas, C., Vieira, C., Rubio, B., Martínez, B., Gallardo, B., Mantecón, A.R., Lavín, P., Manso, T.
Meat science 2016 v.116 pp. 221-229
diet, discoloration, grape pomace, grape seed extract, lamb meat, lipid peroxidation, longissimus muscle, nutritional intervention, polyphenols, sensory properties, shelf life, slaughter, spoilage, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, vitamin E
The effect of dietary treatment (CTRL, control; VIT-E, 500mgkg−1 vitamin E; GSE, 50mg grape seed extract kg−1; GP-5, 5% dried red grape pomace kg−1) on shelf life of lamb meat was studied. After slaughter (27kg LBW), m. longissimus thoracis et lumborum was sliced, packaged under modified atmosphere (80:20%/O2:CO2) and stored in retail conditions for 14days. At each sampling day (0, 4, 7, 11, 14), microbiological, physico-chemical and sensory characteristics were analysed. Meat from VIT-E presented lower microbial counts than CTRL, GSE and GP-5, without differences between polyphenol treatments (GSE and GP-5) and CTRL. Vitamin E reduced meat discoloration and lipid oxidation (TBARS values) from day 7 with respect to the other treatments. Although not significant, an improvement in TBARS values of about 20% was observed for GSE and GP-5, compared with CTRL, from day 7 of storage. VIT-E dietary treatment was more effective in preventing sensory spoilage than the other treatments.