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Predicting chlorine demand of fresh and fresh-cut produce based on produce wash water properties

Chen, Xi, Hung, Yen-Con
Postharvest biology and technology 2016 v.120 pp. 10-15
absorbance, chemical oxygen demand, chlorine, color, correlation, equations, fresh-cut produce, models, oxidation, oxygen, pH, phenolic compounds, prediction, protein content, turbidity, vegetables, water quality
This study was conducted to develop models capable of predicting chlorine demand of different fresh and fresh-cut produce wash waters. Ten simulated fruit and vegetable wash waters having different chemical oxygen demands (COD) were prepared. The chlorine demand and wash water quality parameters including pH, oxidation reduction potential (ORP), ultraviolet absorbance at 254nm (UV254), COD, turbidity, total protein content, total phenolics content and color difference between deionized water and test samples (ΔE) were measured. The correlations between variables were determined. UV254 had the highest correlation coefficient with chlorine demand of various fresh produce wash waters (R=0.77). Further analysis of chlorine demand with UV254 relation showed that two clusters exit, one for produce with high phenolics content and one for low phenolics content. The phenolics-to-protein/ΔE ratio (PPC) was created to identify in which cluster each produce wash water should be. Empirical equations for predicting chlorine demand were developed as chlorine demand=295.23×UV254+6.97, if PPC<0.6; or chlorine demand=119.77×UV254+2.41, if PPC≥0.6. These two prediction equations were further verified using additional produce wash waters not used for model development. The outcomes of this study demonstrated that the prediction equations developed using water quality parameters can be used to estimate the chlorine demand of different produce wash waters.