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Removal of As(III) and Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions using “green” zero-valent iron nanoparticles produced by oak, mulberry and cherry leaf extracts

Poguberović, Sofija S., Krčmar, Dejan M., Maletić, Snežana P., Kónya, Zoltán, Pilipović, Dragana D. Tomašević, Kerkez, Djurdja V., Rončević, Srdjan D.
Ecological engineering 2016 v.90 pp. 42-49
Quercus, adsorption, aqueous solutions, arsenic, cherries, chromium, equations, leaf extracts, leaves, mulberries, nanoparticles, oxidants, pH, remediation, scanning electron microscopy, sorption isotherms, sustainable technology, toxicity, transmission electron microscopy, trees, Serbia
The production of nano zero-valent iron nanoparticles, using the extract from natural products, increased in recent years as it represents green and environmentally friendly method. Synthesis of green zero-valent iron nanoparticles (nZVI) using oak, mulberry and cherry leaf extracts (OL-nZVI, ML-nZVI and CH-nZVI) proved to be a promising approach for As(III) and Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions. The oak, mulberry and cherry leaves were chosen because of their high oxidant capacity as an important property for the production of the nZVIs. Also, oak, mulberry and cherry trees are widely distributed and easy to find in Vojvodina, the north province of Serbia. Characterization of produced green nZVI materials confirmed the formation of nanosize zero-valent iron particles within the size of 10–30nm. Nanoparticles were spherical in shape and represented stable material with minimum agglomeration observed by TEM and SEM morphology measurements. Batch experiments revealed that the adsorption kinetics followed pseudo-second order rate equation. The obtained adsorption isotherm data could be well described by the Freundlich model. In addition, investigated pH effect showed that varying the initial pH value had a great effect on As(III) and Cr(VI) removal. This study indicated that nZVI could be produced by low cost and non toxic method with oak, mulberry and cherry leaf extracts and potentially be used as a new green material for remediation of water matrices contaminated with As(III) and Cr(VI).