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Model study on extraction of fermentable sugars and nonstructural carbohydrate from sweet sorghum using diffusion process
- Appiah-Nkansah, Nana Baah, Zhang, Ke, Rooney, William, Wang, Donghai
- Industrial crops and products 2016 v.83 pp. 654-662
- biomass, ethanol, ethanol production, grain sorghum, industry, inflorescences, processing technology, response surface methodology, starch granules, sugarcane, sugars, sweet sorghum, temperature
- Sweet sorghum stores a high concentration of soluble sugars in its stalk and produces grain in the panicle. This grain represents a significant amount of starch. The ethanol industry currently uses sugarcane processing methods for sweet sorghum; however, sweet sorghum differs from sugarcane in that sweet sorghum produces significant quantities of grain which is predominantly starch. The objective of this research was to increase ethanol production from sweet sorghum by fully utilizing all fermentable sugars which include starch in the grain and nonstructural carbohydrates in the stalk. The diffusion process was utilized to extract fermentable sugars and nonstructural carbohydrates from chopped sweet sorghum biomass and grains. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied in order to optimize diffusion conditions and to explore effects of diffusion time, diffusion temperature, ratio of sweet sorghum grain to total biomass on starch-to-sugar efficiency, and total sugar recovery from sweet sorghum. RSM results showed that starch conversion efficiency and sugar recovery efficiency of 96% and 98.5%, respectively, were achieved at an optimized time of 114.9min, temperature of 95°C, and 22% grain loading.