Main content area

A comprehensive approach for obtaining cellulose nanocrystal from coconut fiber. Part I: Proposition of technological pathways

Nascimento, Diego M. do, Almeida, Jessica S., Vale, Maria do S., Leitão, Renato C., Muniz, Celli R., Figueirêdo, Maria Clea B. de, Morais, João Paulo S., Rosa, Morsyleide de F.
Industrial crops and products 2016 v.93 pp. 66-75
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, acid hydrolysis, biogas, biomass, bleaching, cellulose, coconuts, coir, effluents, environmental assessment, hydrogen peroxide, lignin, methane, nanocrystals, oxidation, pulp, pulping, transmission electron microscopy, ultrasonics
The high lignin content in the unripe coconut fiber limits the use of this biomass as a cellulose nanocrystal source compared to other cellulose-rich materials. The aim of this study was to obtain lignin and biomethane, and evaluate different approaches for extracting cellulose nanocrystal from unripe coconut coir fiber. The environmental evaluation of these approaches is presented in the second part of this paper. Lignin was extracted by acetosolv pulping and cellulose by alkaline hydrogen peroxide bleaching respectively. Were evaluated the biochemical methane potential of the effluents resulting from acetosolv pulping as well as the lignin concentration. Cellulose nanocrystals were prepared from cellulose pulp via four methods: acidic hydrolysis with high acid concentration, acidic hydrolysis with low acid concentration, ammonium persulfate oxidation, and high-power ultrasound. The cellulose nanocrystals were analyzed by FTIR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and TG analysis. Using these methods, the whole coconut fiber could be used to produce cellulose nanocrystals and lignin. Among the proposed methods, high-power ultrasound showed the highest efficiency in cellulose nanocrystal extraction.