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Bioaccessibility and changes on cylindrospermopsin concentration in edible mussels with storage and processing time

Freitas, Marisa, Azevedo, Joana, Carvalho, António Paulo, Mendes, Vera M., Manadas, Bruno, Campos, Alexandre, Vasconcelos, Vitor
Food control 2016 v.59 pp. 567-574
Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, Mytilus galloprovincialis, acceptable daily intake, alkaloids, bioavailability, cooking, cylindrospermopsin, exposure assessment, heat treatment, human health, humans, in vitro digestion, mussels, raw foods, risk
The alkaloid cylindrospermopsin has been recognized of increased concern due to the global expansion of its main producer, Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii. Previous studies have shown that bivalves can accumulate high levels of cylindrospermopsin. Based on the potential for human health risks, a provisional tolerable daily intake of 0.03 μg/kg-body weight has been recommended. However, the human exposure assessment has been based on the cylindrospermopsin concentration in raw food items. Thus, this study aimed to assess the changes on cylindrospermopsin concentration in edible mussels with storage and processing time as well as cylindrospermopsin bioaccessibility. Mussels, (Mytilus galloprovincialis) fed cylindrospermopsin-producing C. raciborskii, were subjected to the treatments and then analyzed by LC-MS/MS. Mussels stored frozen allowed a significantly higher recovery of cylindrospermopsin (52.5% in 48 h and 57.7% in one week). The cooking treatments did not produce significant differences in cylindrospermopsin concentration in the mussel matrices (flesh), however, cylindrospermopsin was found in the cooking water, suggesting that heat processing can be used to reduce the availability of cylindrospermopsin. The in vitro digestion considerably decreased the cylindrospermopsin availability in uncooked and steamed mussels, highlighting the importance in integrating the bioaccessibility of cylindrospermopsinin in the human health risk assessment.