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Agro-industrial wastes as feedstock for sustainable bio-production of butanol by Clostridium beijerinckii
- Maiti, Sampa, Sarma, Saurabh Jyoti, Brar, Satinder Kaur, Le Bihan, Yann, Drogui, Patrick, Buelna, Gerardo, Verma, Mausam
- Food and bioproducts processing 2016 v.98 pp. 217-226
- Clostridium beijerinckii, acid hydrolysis, agricultural wastes, apple pomace, biomass, butanol, carbon, feedstocks, fermentation, glucose, hydrolysates, industry, metabolites, reducing sugars, sludge, starch, sugar content, wastewater
- Three different inexpensive, abundant agro-industrial wastes: suspended brewery liquid waste (BLW), starch industry wastewater (SIW) and apple pomace ultra-filtration sludge (APUS) have been explored for biobutanol production. Physicochemical analysis of biomass for carbohydrate and nutrient pool, acid hydrolysis, fermentation of raw extracts and hydrolysates by Clostridium beijerinckii NRRL B-466 for ABE production and glucose supplementation to increase butanol production have been studied. The efficiency of the microorganism to produce butanol and other metabolites was explored via carbon balance. Inhibitory effects were minimized by dilution and detoxification method. Pretreated diluted extracts having reducing sugar content of 30g/L gave optimum butanol production of 4.68g/L, 1.4g/L and 1.8g/L from SIWH, APUSH and BLWH, respectively, as compared to 5.1g/L obtained from control. Reducing sugar concentration in each diluted extract was increased to 60g/L by 3% (w/v) glucose supplement and the butanol production was increased to 11.04g/L (0.27g/g), 9.3g/L (0.24g/g) and 8.06g/L (0.25), respectively. For SIWH, the maximum yield of butanol (0.27g/g) and acetone–butanol–ethanol (ABE) (0.46g/g) was obtained. Thus, production of butanol, with 3% glucose supplement demonstrated that these inexpensive agro-industrial wastes could have important implications in stimulating energy-economics.