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Replacement of sugars to hydrogen production by Rhodobacter capsulatus using dark fermentation effluent as substrate

Silva, Felipe Thales Moreira, Moreira, Luiza Rojas, de Souza Ferreira, Juliana, Batista, Fabiana Regina Xavier, Cardoso, Vicelma Luiz
Bioresource technology 2016 v.200 pp. 72-80
Rhodobacter capsulatus, bacteria, biomass, butyric acid, cell culture, energy, energy density, fermentation, fuels, glucose, hydrogen, hydrogen production, lactic acid, lactose, toxicity
Hydrogen is a promising alternative for the increased global energy demand since it has high energy density and is a clean fuel. The aim of this work was to evaluate the photo-fermentation by Rhodobacter capsulatus, using the dark fermentation effluent as substrate. Different systems were tested by changing the type of sugar in the dark fermentation, investigating the influence of supplementing DFE with sugar and adding alternate and periodically lactose and glucose throughout the process. The supplementation of the DFE with sugar resulted in higher H2 productivity and the replacement of the sugars repeatedly during the photo-fermentation process was important to maintain the cell culture active. By controlling the residual amount of sugar, bacteria inhibition was avoided; lactic acid, that was toxic to the biomass, was consumed and the metabolic route of butyric acid production was predominant. Under optimum conditions, the H2 productivity reached 208.40mmolH2/Ld in 52h.