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Potential use of the facultative halophyte Chenopodium quinoa Willd. as substrate for biogas production cultivated with different concentrations of sodium chloride under hydroponic conditions

Turcios, Ariel E., Weichgrebe, Dirk, Papenbrock, Jutta
Bioresource technology 2016 v.203 pp. 272-279
Chenopodium quinoa, biogas, biomass, calcium, carbon, crop residues, culture media, halophytes, hemicellulose, hydroponics, methane, nitrogen, plant tissues, potassium, sodium, sodium chloride, sulfur
This project analyses the biogas potential of the halophyte Chenopodium quinoa Willd. In a first approach C. quinoa was grown with different concentrations of NaCl (0, 10 and 20ppt NaCl) and the crop residues were used as substrate for biogas production. In a second approach, C. quinoa was grown with 0, 10, 20 and 30ppt NaCl under hydroponic conditions and the fresh biomass was used as substrate. The more NaCl is in the culture medium, the higher the sodium, potassium, crude ash and hemicellulose content in the plant tissue whereas the calcium, sulfur, nitrogen and carbon content in the biomass decrease. According to this study, it is possible to produce high yields of methane using biomass of C. quinoa. The highest specific methane yields were obtained using the substrate from the plants cultivated at 10 and 20ppt NaCl in both experiments.