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G-lignin and hemicellulosic monosaccharides distinctively affect biomass digestibility in rapeseed

Pei, Yanjie, Li, Yuyang, Zhang, Youbing, Yu, Changbing, Fu, Tingdong, Zou, Jun, Tu, Yuanyuan, Peng, Liangcai, Chen, Peng
Bioresource technology 2016 v.203 pp. 325-333
Brassica napus, arabinose, bioenergy, biomass, breeding, cell wall components, cell walls, cellulose, chemical analysis, coniferyl alcohol, crystal structure, digestibility, enzymatic hydrolysis, ethanol production, fucose, galactose, lignin, lignocellulose, rapeseed, rhamnose, saccharification, straw, sulfuric acid
In this study, total 19 straw samples from four Brassica species were determined with a diverse cell wall composition and varied biomass enzymatic digestibility under sulfuric acid or lime pretreatment. Correlation analysis was then performed to detect effects of cell wall compositions and wall polymer features (cellulose crystallinity, hemicellulosic monosaccharides and lignin monomers) on rapeseeds biomass digestibility. As a result, coniferyl alcohol (G-lignin) showed a strongly negative effect on biomass saccharification, whereas hemicellulosic monosaccharides (fucose, galactose, arabinose and rhamnose) were positive factors on lignocellulose digestions. Notably, chemical analyses of four typical pairs of samples indicated that hemicellulosic monosaccharides and G-lignin may coordinately influence biomass digestibility in rapeseeds. In addition, Brassica napus with lower lignin content exhibited more efficiency on both biomass enzymatic saccharification and ethanol production, compared with Brassica junjea. Hence, this study has at first time provided a genetic strategy on cell wall modification towards bioenergy rapeseed breeding.