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Effect of acid pretreatment on different parts of corn stalk for second generation ethanol production

Li, Ping, Cai, Di, Luo, Zhangfeng, Qin, Peiyong, Chen, Changjing, Wang, Yong, Zhang, Changwei, Wang, Zheng, Tan, Tianwei
Bioresource technology 2016 v.206 pp. 86-92
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, bagasse, corn stover, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, enzymatic hydrolysis, ethanol fermentation, ethanol production, feedstocks, flowers, glucose, hemicellulose, leaves, scanning electron microscopy, sugar content
In this study, the effects of different parts of corn stalk, including stem, leaf, flower, cob and husk on second generation ethanol production were evaluated. FTIR, XRD and SEM were performed to investigate the effect of dilute acid pretreatment. The bagasse obtained after pretreatment were further hydrolyzed by cellulase and used as the substrate for ethanol fermentation. As results, hemicelluloses fractions in different parts of corn stalk were dramatically removed and the solid fractions showed vivid compositions and crystallinities. Compared with other parts of corn stalk, the cob had higher sugar content and better enzymatic digestibility. The highest glucose yield of 94.2% and ethanol production of 24.0gL−1 were achieved when the cob was used as feedstock, while the glucose yield and the ethanol production were only 86.0% and 17.1gL−1 in the case of flower.