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Co-digestion of food and garden waste with mixed sludge from wastewater treatment in continuously stirred tank reactors

Fitamo, T., Boldrin, A., Boe, K., Angelidaki, I., Scheutz, C.
Bioresource technology 2016 v.206 pp. 245-254
anaerobic digestion, digestion, food waste, garden residues, grasses, green waste, methane, methane production, mixing, sludge, wastewater treatment
Co-digestions of urban organic waste were conducted to investigate the effect of the mixing ratio between sludge, food waste, grass clippings and green waste at different hydraulic retention times (HRTs). Compared to the digestion of 100% sludge, the methane yield increased by 48% and 35%, when co-digesting sludge with food waste, grass clippings and garden waste with a corresponding %VS of 10:67.5:15.75:6.75 (R1) and 10:45:31.5:13.5 (R2), respectively. The methane yield remained constant at around 425 and 385NmL CH4/g VS in R1 and R2, respectively, when the reactors were operated at HRTs of 15, 20 and 30days. However, the methane yield dropped significantly to 356 (R1) and 315 (R2) NmL CH4/g VS when reducing the HRT to 10days, indicating that the process was stressed. Since the methane production rate improved significantly with decreasing HRT, the trade-off between yield and productivity was obtained at 15days HRT.