Main content area

Antimicrobial photodynamic effect of extracts and oxoaporphine alkaloid isomoschatoline from Guatteria blepharophylla

Andreazza, Nathalia Luiza, Caramano de Lourenço, Caroline, Hernandez-Tasco, Álvaro José, Pinheiro, Maria Lúcia B., Alves Stefanello, Maria Élida, Vilaça Costa, Emmanoel, Salvador, Marcos José
Journal of photochemistry and photobiology 2016 v.160 pp. 154-162
Candida, Gram-negative bacteria, Guatteria, absorbance, absorption, anti-infective properties, bark, bioassays, biological models, bleaching, calcium chloride, chemical composition, energy, fluorescence, infectious diseases, isoquinoline alkaloids, magnesium chloride, oxygen production, photosensitizing agents, singlet oxygen, therapeutics, yeasts
Photodynamic Therapy, a tumor therapy idealized at the beginning of the last century, emerges nowadays as a promising treatment alternative against infectious diseases. In this study we report a bioguided study of Guatteria blepharophylla phytoderivatives for antimicrobial PDT. Crude extracts and fraction from the species bark were obtained and further fractionated for substances isolation. All samples were evaluated in relation to their photophysical (absorbance and fluorescence) and photochemical properties (1,3-DPBF bleaching method). Then, bioassays were conducted using as biological models bacteria and yeast strains and a diode laser as a light source. Phytochemical analyses lead to the isolation of 5 isoquinoline alkaloids from oxoaporphine subclass, denominated GB1 to GB5. Photophysical and photochemical analysis showed that extracts, fraction and GB1 (isomoschatoline) presented absorption profile with bands at 600–700nm and were positive for singlet oxygen production. Photobiological assays indicate that these samples presented photodynamic antimicrobial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial and some Candida ssp. yeast strains at sub-inhibitory concentrations. The susceptibility of gram-negative bacteria was significantly enhanced when CaCl2 or MgCl2 were employed. Greater energy doses and double sample's dosage also decreased microbial survival. It is suggested that GB1 photodynamic activity happens through both types I and II photochemical mechanisms, but with a predominance of the latter. Phytoderivatives of G. blepharophylla promoted antimicrobial effect, however more detailed study concerning chemical composition of the crude extracts and fractions as also photophysical and photochemical characteristics of GB1 are necessary to ensure their potential as photosensitizers at antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation.