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Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian) intestinal immune responses, antioxidant status and tight junction protein mRNA expression are modulated via Nrf2 and PKC in response to dietary arginine deficiency

Wang, Biao, Feng, Lin, Chen, Gang-Fu, Jiang, Wei-Dan, Liu, Yang, Kuang, Sheng-Yao, Jiang, Jun, Tang, Ling, Wu, Pei, Tang, Wu-Neng, Zhang, Yong-An, Zhao, Juan, Zhou, Xiao-Qiu
Fish & shellfish immunology 2016 v.51 pp. 116-124
Cyprinus carpio, antioxidants, arginine, carp, catalase, diet, gene expression, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione transferase, glutathione-disulfide reductase, immune response, interleukin-1, interleukin-8, intestines, juveniles, malondialdehyde, messenger RNA, occludins, protein kinase C, superoxide dismutase, tight junctions, tumor necrosis factors, zinc
This study investigated the effect of dietary arginine on the immune response, antioxidant status and tight junction mRNA expression in the intestine of juvenile Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian). A total of 1200 juvenile Jian carp with an average initial weight of 6.33 ± 0.03 g were fed graded levels of arginine (9.8–24.5 g kg−1 diet) for nine weeks. The study showed that arginine deficiency up-regulated interleukin 1, interleukin 8 and transforming growth factor-β and down-regulated tumour necrosis factor α gene expression (P < 0.05). Additionally, arginine deficiency increased malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyl (PC) and glutathione contents and decreased the activities of copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT) and glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, arginine deficiency significantly increased claudin 7, occludin, protein kinase C, NF-E2-related factor 2 and Kelch-like-ECH- associated protein 1 mRNA expression and decreased SOD1, CAT and GR mRNA expression (P < 0.05). All of these results indicated that arginine deficiency impaired intestinal immune function via the regulation of mRNA expression of cytokines, tight junction proteins, antioxidant enzymes, Nrf2/Keap1 and PKC in fish intestine.