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Molecular, genomic, and expressional delineation of a piscidin from rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus) with evidence for the potent antimicrobial activities of Of-Pis1 peptide
- Umasuthan, Navaneethaiyer, Mothishri, M.S., Thulasitha, William Shanthakumar, Nam, Bo-Hye, Lee, Jehee
- Fish & shellfish immunology 2016 v.48 pp. 154-168
- Edwardsiella tarda, Oplegnathus fasciatus, Rock bream iridovirus, Streptococcus iniae, anti-infective properties, antimicrobial peptides, bacteria, bream, complementary DNA, erythrocytes, exons, flagellin, fungi, gene expression, genes, gills, growth retardation, humans, immunomodulators, in vitro studies, innate immunity, intestines, introns, kidneys, lipopolysaccharides, messenger RNA, nucleotides, open reading frames, pathogens, prediction, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, sequence homology, signal peptide, spleen, tissues, toxicity, transcriptomics
- The piscidin family comprises a group of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that are vital components of teleost innate immunity. Piscidins protect the host from pathogens, through multifaceted roles as immunomodulators and anti-infective peptides. The present study reports the identification, and characterization of a putative piscidin homolog, Of-Pis1, from rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus). A combined genomic and transcriptomic approach revealed that the Of-Pis1 gene comprises 1396 nucleotides (nt), four exons, and three introns. The cDNA with the 213 nt open reading frame encoded a 70-amino acid preprotein consisting of a signal peptide, a mature peptide, and a prodomain. Predicted mature Of-Pis1 was assumed to be a membrane-active AMP, based on the prediction of an amphipathic α-helical conformation with a net charge of +4. In addition, Of-Pis1 demonstrated significant similarities with other piscidin family members in terms of gene structure, sequence homology, and evolutionary relationship. Examination by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) of basal transcription of Of-Pis1 in the tissues of naïve rock bream, revealed predominant transcript levels in the gills, followed by the spleen, intestine, skin, and head kidney. In gill tissues, the temporally induced mRNA expression of Of-Pis1, upon in vivo injection trials with lipopolysaccharide (LPS); polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (poly I:C); and pathogens, including Edwardsiella tarda, Streptococcus iniae, and rock bream iridovirus (RBIV), was weak. In contrast, in vivo flagellin administration led to a robust upregulation of Of-Pis1 in different tissues. Antimicrobial potency was determined by employing recombinant (rOf-Pis1), and synthetic (pOf-Pis1) peptides, in in vitro assays. Recombinant overexpression inhibited the growth of bacteria expressing the rOf-Pis1 protein in a growth delay assay. The broad antimicrobial spectrum of pOf-Pis1 was evidenced by its potent activity against an array of microbes, including bacteria, fungi, and parasitic species. In addition, pOf-Pis1 showed no significant hemolytic toxicity against human erythrocytes. Collectively, the data presented in the current study improve our understanding of the piscidin AMP family, and the contribution of Of-Pis1 to the rock bream immunity.