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Immune responses to Aeromonas hydrophila infection in Schizothorax prenanti fed with oxidized konjac glucomannan and its acidolysis products

Zheng, Qiaoran, Wu, Yinglong, Xu, Huailiang, Wang, Hongjie, Tang, Haolan, Xia, Xiaojie, Feng, Jiao
Fish & shellfish immunology 2016 v.49 pp. 260-267
Aeromonas hydrophila, Schizothorax prenanti, acidolysis, aquaculture, bacteria, bacterial infections, blood serum, complement, diet, feed additives, fish, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, immune response, interleukin-1beta, konjac mannan, lysozyme, oral administration, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of dietary oxidized konjac glucomannan (OKGM) and its acidolysis products (L-OKGM) on the immune parameters and the gene expression profile of some inflammatory-related cytokines from Schizothorax prenanti during the early stages of injection with Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish were orally administered with seven different diets containing 0 g kg−1 (control diet), 8.0, 16.0 and 32.0 g kg−1 OKGM and L-OKGM diets for 60 days prior to injection. After 60 days, the control and the treated fish were intraperitoneally injected with 0.2 ml PBS or 2 × 107 cfu/ml bacteria per fish and sampled at time 6 h post-injection. The results showed that the serum lysozyme activity and complement C3 level of fish fed 8.0 g kg−1 L-OKGM was significantly increased after bacterial infection. Moreover, the injection with A. hydrophila generally up-regulated the expression of all measured genes when compared to their corresponding controls. When compared with the control group, the expression of TLR22, TNF-α and IL-1β was significantly increased in fish fed OKGM and L-OKGM diet after bacterial injection. Furthermore, the L-OKGM diet showed higher activity to trigger the immune response against bacteria, especially the low dosage L-OKGM diet. The results suggested that both of OKGM and L-OKGM are promising feed additive for S. prenanti in aquaculture.