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Opportunities for Products of New Plant Breeding Techniques

Author:
Schaart, Jan G., van de Wiel, Clemens C.M., Lotz, Lambertus A.P., Smulders, Marinus J.M.
Source:
Trends in plant science 2016 v.21 no.5 pp. 438-449
ISSN:
1360-1385
Subject:
Phytophthora infestans, breeding methods, cisgenic plants, cultivars, genes, genetic engineering, genotype, new crops, plant breeding, potatoes
Abstract:
Various new plant breeding techniques (NPBT) have a similar aim, namely to produce improved crop varieties that are difficult to obtain through traditional breeding methods. Here, we review the opportunities for products created using NPBTs. We categorize products of these NPBTs into three product classes with a different degree of genetic modification. For each product class, recent examples are described to illustrate the potential for breeding new crops with improved traits. Finally, we touch upon the future applications of these methods, such as cisgenic potato genotypes in which specific combinations of Phytophthora infestans resistance genes have been stacked for use in durable cultivation, or the creation of new disease resistances by knocking out or removing S-genes using genome-editing techniques.
Agid:
5270059