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A generalized approach on microwave processing for the lateral and radial irradiations of various Groups of food materials

Basak, Tanmay, Bhattacharya, Madhuchhanda, Panda, Soumen
Innovative food science & emerging technologies 2016 v.33 pp. 333-347
food irradiation, foods, heat, microwave treatment
Numerical studies have been carried out for microwave heating of food samples. It has been shown that the food materials can be divided into four groups based on the values of fp and fw and the microwave heating characteristics remain same for the materials in each group. The heating characteristics of each group of materials have been presented based on the heating front, heating rate and heating nonuniformity (thermal runaway). These characteristics are shown to be strongly dependent on sample size, which can be classified as thin (uniform heating), intermediate (localized heating fronts driven be resonances of microwave power absorption) and thick (exponential attenuation of heating rate from the exposed surface). The analysis shows that the localized heating in intermediate and thick samples can lead to significant thermal runaway, which can be efficiently avoided by selecting radial irradiation over lateral irradiation but at the expense of higher processing time.