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Unique antigenic gene expression at different developmental stages of Trichinella pseudospiralis

Wu, X.P., Liu, X.L., Wang, X.L., Blaga, R., Fu, B.Q., Liu, P., Bai, X., Wang, Z.J., Rosenthal, B.M., Shi, H.N., Sandrine, L., Vallee, I., Boireau, P., Wang, F., Zhou, X.N., Zhao, Y., Liu, M.Y.
Veterinary parasitology 2013 v.194 no.2-4 pp. 198-201
Trichinella pseudospiralis, Trichinella spiralis, adults, antigens, cDNA libraries, complementary DNA, gene expression, genes, hosts, messenger RNA, muscle larvae, neonates, parasites, proteasome endopeptidase complex, proteins, screening, serine, swine, vaccination
Parasite-induced and parasite-regulated larval capsule formation and host immunosuppression are two major characteristics that are unique in Trichinella spp. infections, but the molecule(s) and mechanism(s) that mediate these processes remain largely unknown. Trichinella pseudospiralis and Trichinella spiralis, are obviously different with respect to these two characteristics. A comparative study of these two species, in particular their antigen expression profiles at different developmental stages (the main molecules involved in the cross-talk or interaction between each parasite and its host), may help us better understand the parasite molecules and mechanisms involved. Here, we constructed cDNA libraries from T. pseudospiralis adults (Ad), newborn larvae (NBL) and muscle larvae (ML) mRNA and screened them with pig anti-T. pseudospiralis serum collected 26, 32 and 60 days post-infection (p.i.). The most abundant antigens were found to vary among life-cycle stages. Pyroglutamy peptidase 1-like and 6-phosphogluconolactonase-like genes predominated in the Ad stage and a serine protease (SS2-1-like gene) predominated in NBL similar to that observed in T. spiralis. Muscle larvae expressed proteasome activator complex subunit 3-like and 21kDa excretory/secretory protein-like genes. This study indicated that parasites of two species may utilise different molecules and mechanisms for larvae capsule formation and host immunosuppression during their infections. Proteins of antigenic genes identified in this study may be also good candidates for diagnosis, treatment or vaccination for T. pseudospiralis infection, and also for the differential diagnosis of two species’ infections.