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Effect of methods and time of poultry manure application on soil and leaf nutrient concentrations, growth and fruit yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill)
- Adekiya, A.O., Agbede, T.M.
- Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 2017 v.16 no.4 pp. 383-388
- Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum, calcium, economic valuation, field experimentation, fruit yield, leaves, magnesium, manure spreading, nitrogen, nutrient content, nutrients, phosphorus, potassium, poultry manure, soil chemical properties, soil organic matter, soil treatment, tomatoes, Nigeria
- In order to obtain maximum economic value of plant nutrients in poultry manure and increase in tomato yield, field experiments were conducted at Owo, southwest Nigeria, during 2012 and 2013 early cropping seasons to study the effect of two methods (broadcasting on the soil surface and the incorporated) and four times (3weeks before transplanting (3 WBTP), 0week at transplanting (0 WATP), 3weeks after transplanting (3 WATP), and 6weeks after transplanting (6 WATP) of poultry manure (PM)) applications on soil chemical properties, leaf nutrient concentrations, growth and yield of tomato. The eight treatments were factorially arranged in a randomized block design with 3 replications. Results showed that PM incorporated into the soil produced higher soil organic matter and soil and leaf N, P, K, Ca, Mg, growth and yield (0.9tha−1) of tomato compared with broadcast method. Also PM applied at 3 WBTP had higher leaf nutrient concentrations and better growth and yield of tomato compared with 0 WATP, 3 WATP and 6 WATP. The higher yield of 3 WBTP was adduced to better synchrony between crop demand and nutrient supply. Using the mean of the two years, 3 WBTP increased tomato fruit yield by 4.0, 2.8 and 1.5tha−1 compared with 6 WATP, 3 WATP and 0 WATP, respectively. This yield difference can be economical on large scale tomato production. Therefore application of PM at 3 WBTP with incorporated method is recommended for tomato cultivation in the forest-savanna transition zone of southwest Nigeria.