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Chemically Reduced Graphene Oxide for Ammonia Detection at Room Temperature

Ghosh, Ruma, Midya, Anupam, Santra, Sumita, Ray, Samit K., Guha, Prasanta K.
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2013 v.5 no.15 pp. 7599-7603
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ambient temperature, ammonia, atomic force microscopy, ceramics, electrical conductivity, electrodes, graphene oxide, heat, manufacturing, platinum, vapors
Chemically reduced graphene oxide (RGO) has recently attracted growing interest in the area of chemical sensors because of its high electrical conductivity and chemically active defect sites. This paper reports the synthesis of chemically reduced GO using NaBH₄ and its performance for ammonia detection at room temperature. The sensing layer was synthesized on a ceramic substrate containing platinum electrodes. The effect of the reduction time of graphene oxide (GO) was explored to optimize the response, recovery, and response time. The RGO film was characterized electrically and also with atomic force microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The sensor response was found to lie between 5.5% at 200 ppm (parts per million) and 23% at 2800 ppm of ammonia, and also resistance recovered quickly without any application of heat (for lower concentrations of ammonia). The sensor was exposed to different vapors and found to be selective toward ammonia. We believe such chemically reduced GO could potentially be used to manufacture a new generation of low-power portable ammonia sensors.