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Development and evaluation of a herbal formulation with anti-pathogenic activities and probiotics stimulatory effects

ZHOU, Qian, WANG, Si-si, YANG, Guang, ZHAO, Wen, LI, Hui-ling
Journal of integrative agriculture 2016 v.15 no.5 pp. 1103-1111
Bifidobacterium longum, Escherichia coli, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Salmonella Enteritidis, Salmonella Typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, animal production, antibacterial properties, antibiotics, broiler chickens, herbs, pathogens, probiotics, toxicity
Searching alternative feed antibiotics is always a study hotspot in the field of animal production. In this study, the anti-pathogenic activities and probiotics stimulatory effects of 30 kinds of herbs were screened through Oxford cup method and Hungate roll method. 15 herbs showed significantly antibacterial activities (P<0.05) against Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis, Salmonella typhimurium and Staphylococcus aureus. Seven herbs showed greatly stimulatory promoting effects on Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium longum. Finally, five herbs were combined for the developed formulation with selective antibacterial properties and they were Mume Fructus (35%), Isatidis Folium (25%), Moslae Herba (20%), Chrysanthemi Indici Flos (13%) and Bupleuri Radix (7%). The herbal formulation showed significantly antibacterial abilities against four pathogens and stimulatory promoting abilities on two probiotics in vitro and the equivalent activities in broiler chickens in vivo against E. coli and L. acidophilus. The toxicity study showed it had no toxicity, which indicated that it would be a kind of preferred candidate for an alternative antibiotic in future animal production.