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Time-dependent, glucose-regulated Arabidopsis Regulator of G-protein Signaling 1 network

Jaiswal, Dinesh Kumar, Werth, Emily G., McConnell, Evan W., Hicks, Leslie M., Jones, Alan M.
Current plant biology 2016 v.5 pp. 25-35
Arabidopsis, G-protein coupled receptors, G-proteins, coat proteins, endocytosis, glucose, guanosine triphosphate, guanosinetriphosphatase, mass spectrometry, metabolism, plant biology, plasma membrane, precipitin tests, signal transduction
Plants lack 7-transmembrane, G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) because the G alpha subunit of the heterotrimeric G protein complex is “self-activating”—meaning that it spontaneously exchanges bound GDP for GTP without the need of a GPCR. In lieu of GPCRs, most plants have a seven transmembrane receptor-like regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) protein, a component of the complex that keeps G-protein signaling in its non-activated state. The addition of glucose physically uncouples AtRGS1 from the complex through specific endocytosis leaving the activated G protein at the plasma membrane. The complement of proteins in the AtRGS1/G-protein complex over time from glucose-induced endocytosis was profiled by immunoprecipitation coupled to mass spectrometry (IP-MS). A total of 119 proteins in the AtRGS1 complex were identified. Several known interactors of the complex were identified, thus validating the approach, but the vast majority (93/119) were not known previously. AtRGS1 protein interactions were dynamically modulated by d-glucose. At low glucose levels, the AtRGS1 complex is comprised of proteins involved in transport, stress and metabolism. After glucose application, the AtRGS1 complex rapidly sheds many of these proteins and recruits other proteins involved in vesicular trafficking and signal transduction. The profile of the AtRGS1 components answers several questions about the type of coat protein and vesicular trafficking GTPases used in AtRGS1 endocytosis and the function of endocytic AtRGS1.